AEOLUS was the king of the winds who kept the stormy Anemoi Thuellai and Aellai locked away inside the hollow heart of the floating island of Aiolia.
Some of the more famous myths featuring the god include:
- The Intrappment of Aeolus;
- Aeolus & the Winds;
- Aeolus & Odysseus;
When Odysseus arrived on his island, king Aeolus gave him hospitality for one month, and before his departure, he gave Odysseus a bag which contained all the winds, but one, Zephyros, the western wind, which was not put into the bag, so as to gently push their ship towards the island of Ithaca. During the trip, Odysseus steered the ship all the time. When they finally caught glimpse of the coast of Ithaca, he fell asleep. His men took advantage of that and opened the bag, thinking it would be full of gold and silver. Thus, all the winds got out and the storm created by them pushed the ship back to the island of Aeolia.
When Aeolus saw Odysseus again, he understood that the gods were against him, so he refused to help him again and told him to leave the island forever.
Aeolus in Greek means 'nimble.' He was worshipped all across Greece and was a favoured god by sailors as they would pray for fair wind while sailing. He had many temples, most of which were located high up; mountains, hills ect.
In Roman mythology Aeolus is the god of the winds.
At the command of the gods he released these to wreck devastating storms. Since the Winds were often conceived of as horse-shaped spirits, Aiolos was titled Hippotades, "the reiner of horses," from the Greek hippos ("horse") and tadên ("reined in tightly").